Using adjectives in English
Adjectives in English are invariable. They do not change their form depending on the gender or number of the noun.
- This is a hot potato.
- Those are some hot potatoes.
To emphasise or strengthen the meaning of an adjective, use the adverbs very or really in front of the adjective you want to strengthen.
- This is a very hot potato
- Those are some really hot potatoes.
Adjectives in English usually appear in front of the noun that they modify.
- The beautiful girl ignored me.
- The fast red car drove away.
Adjectives can also appear after being and sensing verbs like to be, to seem , to look & to taste.
- Italy is beautiful.
- I don't think she seems nice at all.
- You look tired.
- This meat tastes funny.
Adjectives appear after the noun in some fixed expressions.
- The Princess Royal is visiting Oxford today.
- The President elect made a speech last night.
- He received a court martial the following week.
The adjectives involved, present & concerned can appear either before or after the noun that they modify, but with a different meaning depending on the placement.
|Adjective placed after the noun||Meaning||Adjective placed before the noun||Meaning|
|I want to see the people involved.||I want to see the people who have something to do with this matter.||It was an involved discussion.||The discussion was detailed & complex.|
|Here is a list of the people present at the meeting.||Here is a list of the people who were at the meeting.||The present situation is not sustainable.||The current situation is not sustainable.|
|I need to see the man concerned by this accusation.||I need to see the man who has been accused.||A concerned father came to see me today.||A worried father came to see me today.|