Simple past

Funções do "Simple Past"

O tempo verbal "simple past" é utilizado para se referir a uma ação concluída em um período de tempo anterior ao atual. Sua duração é irrelevante. A ação pode ter ocorrido em um passado recente ou distante.

Exemplos
  • John Cabot sailed to America in 1498.
  • My father died last year.
  • He lived in Fiji in 1976.
  • We crossed the Channel yesterday.

Sempre utilize o "simple past" ao indicar quando algo aconteceu, para que ele seja associado a determinadas expressões temporais que indiquem:

  • frequência: often, sometimes, always.
    I sometimes walked home at lunchtime.
    I often brought my lunch to school.
  • período de tempo determinado: last week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago.
    We saw a good film last week.
    Yesterday, I arrived in Geneva.
    She finished her work atseven o'clock
    I went to the theatre last night
  • período de tempo indeterminado: the other day, ages ago, a long time ago. People lived in caves a long time ago.
  • She played the piano when she was a child.

Nota: o termo ago representa uma forma útil para expressar a distância de tempo no passado. Ele é inserido após o período temporal: a week ago, three years ago, a minute ago.

Cuidado: o "simple past" do inglês poderá ser semelhante a algum tempo verbal do seu idioma, mas seu significado pode ser diferente.

Formando o "Simple Past"

Formação do "simple past" com verbos regulares
Afirmativa
Sujeito + verbo + "ed"  
I skipped.  
Negativa
Sujeito + did not + infinitivo sem to
They didn't go.
Interrogativa
Did + sujeito + infinitivo sem to
Did she arrive?
Interrogativa negativa
Did not + sujeito + infinitivo sem to
Didn't you play?
To Walk
Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa
I walked I didn't walk Did I walk?
You walked You didn't walk Did you walk?
He walked He didn't walk Did he walk?
We walked We didn't walk Did we walk?
They walked They didn't walk Did they walk?
"Simple past" dos verbos to be, to have e to do
Sujeito Verbo
  Be Have Do
I was had did
You were had did
He/She/It was had did
We were had did
You were had did
They were had did

Notas sobre as formas afirmativa, negativa & interrogativa

Afirmativa

A forma afirmativa do "simple past" é simples.

  • I was in Japan last year.
  • She had a headache yesterday.
  • We did our homework last night.
Negativa e interrogativa

Para as formas interrogativa e negativa do "simple past" do verbo "do" como verbo ordinário, utilize como auxiliar o próprio "do". Ex.: We didn't do our homework last night.
A forma negativa do verbo "have" no "simple past" é normalmente formada com o uso do verbo auxiliar "do", ainda que, em alguns casos, basta adicionar not ou a contração "n't".

A forma interrogativa do verbo "have" no "simple past" geralmente utiliza o auxiliar "do".

Exemplos
  • They weren't in Rio last summer.
  • We didn't have any money.
  • We didn't have time to visit the Eiffel Tower.
  • We didn't do our exercises this morning.
  • Were they in Iceland last January?
  • Did you have a bicycle when you were young?
  • Did you do much climbing in Switzerland?

Nota: para as formas negativa e interrogativa de todos os verbos no "simple past", sempre utilize o auxiliar "did".

"Simple past": Verbos irregulares

Alguns verbos são irregulares no "simple past". Confira abaixo os mais comuns.

to go
  • He went to a club last night.
  • Did he go to the cinema last night?
  • He didn't go to bed early last night.
to give
  • We gave her a doll for her birthday.
  • They didn't give John their new address.
  • Did Barry give you my passport?
to come
  • My parents came to visit me last July.
  • We didn't come because it was raining.
  • Did he come to your party last week?