Formes interrogatives et discours rapporté

L'ordre des mots

L'ordre normal des mots est utilisé dans les questions rapportées, c'est-à-dire que le sujet se place avant le verbe et qu'il n'est pas nécessaire d'utiliser 'do' ou 'did' :

Exemples
Discours direct Discours rapporté
"Where does Peter live?" She asked him where Peter lived.
"Where are you going?" She asked where I was going.
"Why is she crying?" He asked why she was crying.
Questions oui / non

On rapporte ce type de questions en utilisant 'ask' + 'if / whether' + proposition:

Exemples
Discours direct Discours rapporté
"Do you speak English?" He asked me if I spoke English.
"Are you British or American?" He asked me whether I was British or American.
"Is it raining?" She asked if it was raining.
"Have you got a computer?" He wanted to know whether I had a computer.
"Can you type?" She asked if I could type.
"Did you come by train?" He enquired whether I had come by train.
"Have you been to Bristol before?" She asked if I had been to Bristol before.
Pronoms interrogatifs

On rapporte ce type de questions en utilisant 'ask' (ou un autre verbe similaire à 'ask') + pronom interrogatif + propsition. La proposition comprend la question dans l'ordre normal des mots et avec le changement de temps nécessaire.

Exemples
Discours direct Discours rapporté
"What is your name?" he asked me. He asked me what my name was.
"How old is your mother?", he asked. He asked how old her mother was.
The policman said to the boy, "Where do you live?" The policeman asked the boy where he lived.
"What time does the train arrive?" she asked. She asked what time the train arrived.
"When can we have dinner?" she asked. She asked when they could have dinner.
Peter said to John, "Why are you so late?" Peter asked John why he was so late.