Пассивный и активные залоги

Предложения, написанные в активном залоге, легче понимать, чем те предложения, которые написаны в пассивном залоге. Заменить пассивный залог на активный очень просто, но требует немного практики. В таблице эквивалентности, представленной ниже, обратите внимание на время глагола to be, который в пассивном залоге всегда совпадает со временем основного глагола в активном залоге. Для того чтобы использовать активный залог, вы должны точно выразить субъект действия.

To Keep, активный и пассивные залоги

Время Активный залог Пассивный залог Предложение в активной форме Эквивалент в пассиве
Простое настоящее keep is kept I keep the butter in the fridge. The butter is kept in the fridge.
Настоящее продолженное is keeping is being kept John is keeping my house tidy. My house is being kept tidy.
Простое прошедшее kept was kept Mary kept her schedule meticulously. Mary's schedule was kept meticulously.
Прошедшее простое was keeping was being kept The theater was keeping a seat for you. A seat was being kept for you.
Настоящее совершенное have kept have been kept I have kept all your old letters. All your old letters have been kept.
Прошедшее совершенное had kept had been kept He had kept up his training regimen for a month. His training regimen had been kept up for a month.
Простое будущее will keep will be kept Mark will keep the ficus. The ficus will be kept.
Условное настоящее would keep would be kept If you told me, I would keep your secret. If you told me, your secret would be kept.
Условное прошедшее would have kept would have been kept I would have kept your bicycle here if you had left it with me. Your bicycle would have been kept here if you had left it with me.
Инфинитив в настоящем to keep to be kept She wants to keep the book. The book wants to be kept.
Перфектный инфинитив to have kept to have been kept Judy was happy to have kept the puppy. The puppy was happy to have been kept.
Причастие настоящего времени и герундий keeping being kept I have a feeling that you may be keeping a secret. I have a feeling that a secret may be being kept.
Причастие совершенное having kept having been kept Having kept the bird in a cage for so long, Jade wasn't sure it could survive in the wild. The bird, having been kept in a cage for so long, might not survive in the wild.